Chhath Puja 2021: Date, Timing, Significance, Bhajan, Wishes

Chhath Puja

Chhath Puja is an important festival among Hindusim. This festival is mainly associated with Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and Jharkhand, in India. Chhat puja is dedicated to Lord Surya Narayan and Goddess Chhathi Maiya. This four-day festival is also known as Chhath Parv, Chhetri, Dala Chhath, or Dala Puja.

Holy bathing, Nirjal Vrat (fasting without eating or drinking water), offering prayers are the main activities performed in Chatt Puja. On the 6th day of the month of Kartik “KartikShuklaShashti” Chhath Puja is celebrated, according to the Hindu Calendar.

When Is Chhath Puja?

  • This year Chhath puja will be celebrated on 10th November.

Chhath Puja: Timing

  • Chhath Puja Shashthi Tithi begins at 10:35 on November 9, 2021, and ends at 8:25 on November 10, 2021.

Chhath Puja: Significance

  • This festival is one of the few Hindu festivals where no worship of idols is involved.
  • It is entirely dedicated to the worship of Shashti Mata and Lord Surya, as well as his consorts Usha and Pratyusha, the Vedic goddesses of dawn and dusk respectively. It is believed that the real source of the Sun is his wives, Usha and Pratyusha.
  • Chhath puja spreads the message to conserve nature.

Chhath Puja: Item List

  1. Coin for Dakshina
  2. Kapoor
  3. Cotton balls (batti) for puja
  4. Ghee
  5. Fruits
  6. Lord Surya and Ganesha’s Idols
  7. Incense Sticks (Agarbatti)
  8. Kumkum
  9. Panchamrit
  10. Paan
  11. Puja ki thali
  12. Chandan and Red Chandan
  13. New red cloth
  14. Rice, Supari, Wheat, White flowers
  15. Vrat Katha Book

How To Do Chhath Puja?

  • Nirjala fast is kept for the whole day on the sixth day of Kartik Shukla.
  • On this day, the devotees reach the nearby ghats with their homemade dishes and worship.
  • A big lamp is lit by making a house of sugarcane on the ghat.
  • First of all, the fasting people take a bath in the ghat and while staying in the water, Arghya is offered to the setting sun.
  • On the day of Kharna or Lohanda, make jaggery kheer and poori and offer in the evening.
  • First, the woman who is keeping the fast should eat the kheer, later give it to the family and Brahmins.
  • On the day of Chhath, fill the homemade dishes in a big basket and go to the ghat.
  • Make a house of sugarcane on the ghat and light a big lamp.
  • Fasting women then offer Arghya to Lord Surya by taking a stick in both hands.
  • After this, Jagran is done throughout the night while meditating Lord Surya God at home.
  • Devotees listen to Chhathi Maiya Geet in this Jagran.
  • Reach the ghat on the day of Saptami i.e. on the fourth and last day of the fast before the sun rises. During this, keep baskets of dishes, coconut, and fruits with you.
  • Now offer Arghya to the rising sun with water reverence. Listen to the story of Chhath fast and distribute prasad.
  • In the end, break the fast by taking the Vrati Prasad.

Four Days Of Chhath Puja

It is a 6 day-long festival, celebrated on the 6th day of Kartik Mass. That’s why it is called “Chhath” which means 6. This day is celebrated with enthusiasm in all India but “Bihar” is the center of this celebration.

Day 1- Naha Kha

  • The first day of Chhath is called Naha Kha, which refers to bath and eat.
  • Devotees on Naha Kha go to the scared river, take a dip and perform the rituals of the first day.
  • Then they take some water from the holy river for preparing offerings.
  • All the preparation are completed before preparing the offerings.
  • The surrounding house and premises are thoroughly cleaned.
  • The person who observes fast on this day should have one meal on this day.

Day 2- Kharna

  • The second day of Chhath Puja is called Kharna.
  • On this day, women make a pudding of jaggery on a wooden stove and take it as prasad.
  • After this, women observe a Nirjala fast of 36 hours.
  • According to the stories, the sixth Maya arrives after Kharna Puja.

Day 3- Chhath

The third day of Chhath Puja is divided into 2 parts according to what time they are performed

Sanjhiya Arghya- 

  • The puja performed in the evening is called Sanjhiya Arghya.
  • In the evening, the whole house goes to the pond or reservoir, where they make offerings to the setting sun.
  • A number of people are gathered there to take the blessing from Parvaitins (main worshippers). Folk songs are sung which refute the culture and history of Bihar.

Kosi-

  • This is performed at the night. The canopy is made with the help of five cane sticks; Lamps are lit inside this canopy.
  • These five sticks symbolize the five basic elements of nature from which the human body is derived, the Panchatattva.
  • First, the ritual is performed by offering it to the setting sun in the courtyard of the house.
  • Later, it is taken to the banks of a river where the ritual continues and ends with the worship of the rising sun.

Day 4- Parna

  • The last day of Chhath puja is known as Bihaniya Aragh.
  • Women wake up early in the morning, go to the pond or river, and worship.
  • Women offer Arghya at sunrise.
  • After the Arghya, the fasting women circumambulate their place seven or eleven times.
  • After this, women break their fast by giving prasad to each other.
  • After this whole process, Chhath Puja comes to an end.

Chhath Puja: Story

Mahabharata

  • In Vedas, the features of Chhath Puja are mentioned.
  • A Sanskrit poem of Mahabharata highlights the scenario where Draupadi performs the same rituals.
  • According to the poem, Draupadi and Pandavas on the guidance of noble sage Dhaumya performed the rituals.
  • Through the worship of Lord Surya (Sun), Draupadi not only got out of all her troubles but also helped the Pandavas to get back their lost kingdom later.
  • The sages of ancient times used this method to survive without any external food and were able to get energy from sunlight. This was done through the rituals of Chhath Puja.

Ramayana

  • It is believed that Lord Rama and Mother Sita fasted together and worshiped Lord Surya in the month of Kartika (between October and December) in the Shukla Paksha during his coronation after returning to Ayodhya from 14 years of exile.
  • Since then Chhath Puja has become an important and traditional festival in Hinduism.

Chhath Puja “Thekua” Prasad

Thekua’s offerings are considered to be of great importance in Chhath Puja. This Prasad is specially prepared on the occasion of Chhath Puja keeping in mind some rules. It is made up of flour, sugar, or jaggery. This prasad is made either in the night of Kharna or in the morning or in Sandhya Ghat. So let us tell you how crispy Thekua is made in the offerings of worship.

Ingredients

  • 250 grams wheat flour 
  • 1 tbsp ghee (for moyan) 
  • 30 grams dried coconut powder 
  • 125 grams jaggery 
  • Tsp cardamom powder 
  • Oil for frying 
  • Finely chopped nuts

Process of making Thekua

  1. To make Thekua, first, boil half a cup of water in a vessel, break the jaggery, and put it in it.
  2. Keep stirring continuously till the jaggery melts completely.
  3. After this, filter the water through a sieve and let it cool.
  4. Sieve the flour in a bowl and mix coconut powder, finely chopped dry fruits, and ground cardamom in it.
  5. Now knead the dough tightly with the help of jaggery water.
  6. After this, make dough balls and heat oil in a pan.
  7. Give the shape of the dough to the desired shape and roll it and put it in hot oil and fry it on low flame.
  8. Your hot Thekua is ready.
  9. Thekua can also be stored in an airtight container.

Chhath Puja Wishes

Chhath Ka Hai Aaj Pavan Din,
Milkar manao Pyara Tyohar,
Aaj Karo Surya Dev ki Puja,
Happy Chhath Puja.

 

May this Chhath light up for you the hopes of happy times and dreams for a year full of smiles!

 

Chhath Puja Ka Pavan Parv,
Hai Surya Dev Ki Puja Ka Parva,
Karo Milke Surya Dev ko Pranam,
Aur Bolo Sukh Shanti De Aapar,
Happy Chhath.

 

On the day of Chhath Puja people goes to a holy bath at the river. They offer arghya to God Sun to thank for giving sunlight to earth. It maintains the balance of the environment and helps the growth of crops.–Happy Chhath Puja

 

Pray to nature, sun and river as fasts begin on Chhath Puja. May all evils get washed away on this auspicious occassion.

 

All that exists was born from the sun there is nothing apart from it. Of what is and has been and is to be and what moves and remains still….The sun alone is the source and the end…Happy Chhath Puja !!!!!!!!!

Chhath Puja: Mantra

While giving water to the Sun chant-

Om Surya Namah or Om Ghrinin Surya Namah,

Om Ghrinim Surya, Om Om Hrim Hrin Surya,

Sahastrakirnaya Manovanthan Phalan Dehi Dehi Swaha Mantra.

Chhath Puja Aarti And Bhajan

Chhath Geet

Jai Jai Jai Ravidev Jai Jai Jai Ravidev
Rajanipati Madhaari Shatlad Jeevan Daata
Patpad Mann Madukaari Hey Dinmann Daataa
Jag Ke He Ravidev Jai Jai Jai Swadev
Nabh Mandal Ke Vaani Jyoti Prakaashak Deva
Nijjan Hit Sukhraashi Teri Hum Sab Sevaa
Karte Hai Ravi Dev Jai Jai Jai Ravidev
Kanak Badan Man Mohit Ruchir Prabha Pyari
Nit Mandal Se Mandit Ajar Amar Chavidhaari
Hey Survar Ravidev Jai Jai Jai Ravidev

Chhathi Maiya Geet

Oo je kerwa je pharela khabad se, oha par suga madaraye
Marbo re sugwa dhanukh se, suga gire murjhaye
Oo je sugni je royele viyog se, adit hoyi na sahay

Oo je nariyar je pharela khabad se, ohi par suga medaraye
marbo re sugwa dhanukh se, suga gire murjhaye
Oo je sugni je royele viyog se, adit hoyi na sahay

Amarudwa je pharela khabad se, oh par suga medaraye
Marbo re sugwa dhanukh se, suga gire murjhaye
Oo je sugni je royele viyog se, adit hoyi na sahay

Sharifwa je pharela khabad se, oh par suga medaraye
Marbo re sugwa dhanukh se, suga gire murjhaye
Oo je sugni je royele viyog se, adit hoyi na sahay

Narangiya je pharela khabad se, oh par suga medaraye
Marbo re sugwa dhanukh se, suga gire murjhaye
Oo je sugni je royele viyog se, adit hoyi na sahay

Oo je sewua je pharela khabad se, oh par suga medaraye
Marbo re sugwa dhanukh se, suga gire murjhaye
Oo je sugni je royele viyog se, adit hoyi na sahay

Sabhe phalwa je pharela khabad se, oh par suga medaraye
Marbo re sugwa dhanukh se, suga gire murjhaye
Oo je sugni je royele viyog se, aadit hoyi na sahay

Lord Surya Aarti

Om Jai-Kashyap Nandan,Om Prabhu jai Aditi nandan,
Tribhuvan-timin nikandan bhakt-hriday-chandan.
Om Jai-Kashyap Nandan…

Sapt-ashvarath raajit ek chakradhar,
Dukhahar-sukhkar, maanas-mal-haar.
Om Jai-Kashyap Nandan…

Sur-muni-bhoosur-vandin, vimal vibhavashaal,
Agh-dal-dalan divaakar divya kiran maal.
Om Jai-Kashyap Nandan…

Sakal-sukarma-prasavitaa savita shubhkaar,
Vishva-vilochan mochan bhav bandhan bhaar.
Om Jai-Kashyap Nandan…

Kamal-samooh vikasak nashak tray tapa,
Sevat sahaj harat ati manasij santapa.
Om Jai-Kashyap Nandan…

Netra-vyadhi-har suravar bhu peeda haar,
Vrishti-vimochan santat parahit-vratadhar.
Om Jai-Kashyap Nandan…

Suryadev karunakar ab karuna kije,
Har agyan-moh sab sattvagyan dijai.
Om Jai-Kashyap Nandan…

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